Lighting is a key part of interior design that can often be overlooked but it is an aspect of interior design that is vital to get right. This is because lighting plays an essential role in how we perceive a space and often how we act in a space. Therefore, when it comes to choosing lighting for your space, there are three key factors to consider which are the function of the light, the direction of the light and of course the aesthetic of the light. Here at Wyeverne Electrical, we have a range of lighting to suit your needs. We currently have a small selection in our range of lighting on our website which we hope to increase over the coming months. However, we have a wider range available in our store so if you are in the area it would be worth visiting the store and looking around our showroom.
Lighting is classified by three types, which are general lighting, task lighting and accent lighting. Task lighting is the more functional type of lighting and is often the most concentrated for the purposes of carrying out tasks such as reading or writing. Accent lighting is a type of lighting that is used to focus light on a particular area or object so is mainly decorative. General lighting is a type of lighting that fills in between task and accent lighting intended to create a general illumination of a space.
The type of room in which you are choosing your lighting for will affect your choice as how we act in these spaces differ so they require different types of lighting. It is also important to consider the size of your room as well as the shape of your room when choosing your light fittings, as it is important to get the right amount of light for that space. For example, compact spaces benefit from being well it and low ceilings benefit from the use of flush fittings as this gives maximum head clearance.
Great care must be taken when choosing lighting for bathrooms because you must ensure that you adhere to bathroom lighting regulations, referring to the IP rating of the light fitting and bathroom zones.
IP rating stands for Ingress Protection Rating and is an industry standard classification system that classifies the level of protection an electrical enclosure has against both solid and liquid particles, in accordance with BS EN60529. The code that represents this classification is separated into two numbers following the letters IP. For example, IP65. The first number is the level of protection against solid particles and the second number is the level of protection against liquids. The larger the number, the greater the level of protection.
Bathroom Zones refers to the different requirements of each area that a bathroom has been split into. Each zone within a bathroom has different requirements dependent on the risk level of water getting close to the electrical supply. There are four different types of zones, which are Zone 0, Zone 1, Zone 2 and Zone 3.
Zone 0 is the area inside the shower or bath itself and any fitting used in this area must be low voltage and rated IP67.
Zone 1 is the area of a height of 2.25m from the floor above a bath and the area within a shower cubicle. Any fittings used in this area must have a minimum of an IPX4 rating.
Zone 2 is the area 600mm outside a bath or shower. This can be the area to the side or above the bath/shower. Any fittings used in this area must have a minimum of an IPX4 rating.
Zone 3 is any area outside of the above zones and where no water jets are likely to be used. This means that in this zone, no IP rating is required. However, if there is a likelihood of water jets being used then a fitting with a minimum of an IP65 rating is required.
When choosing bathroom lighting it is important to consider the type of lighting you require. It is worth considering accent or task lighting in bathrooms, depending on your preference, or even a mix of both. Task lighting provides more concentrated light, which will help in completing daily tasks or routines such as shaving, washing or cleaning teeth. Accent lighting gives the opportunity to create a more relaxing atmosphere when, for example relaxing in a bath. A popular choice for bathrooms is the use of downlights or spotlights, which are great to use in bathrooms. For low ceilings, it is best to use flush or semi-flush fittings in order to give maximum head clearance.
The kitchen can become one of the busiest rooms in a home and ensuring that it is well lit is an essential requirement when preparing food, cooking and dining. Task lighting provides concentrated light offering a much clearer visibility when carrying out important jobs around the kitchen. Task lighting is vital around areas such as the sink or cooker because it ensures you can easily see everything that you need to do when carrying out jobs around the kitchen at the same time as staying safe while doing so.
Accent lighting is also a type of lighting that is well suited for a kitchen, although it comes in contrast to task lighting. Accent lighting is known as decorative type of lighting but it is also about creating a mood through lighting. Accent lighting can add to the look of the room at the same time as providing light. This kind of lighting can be used for kitchens to create a softer, subtle light when, for example, having intimate or romantic dinners or even for simply unwinding after a long day.
Even though these two types of lighting contrast each other, you don’t necessarily have to choose one or the other. It is possible to use both types and they work brilliantly together, or you can simply use one of them if you prefer. It is simply down to preference. Spotlights and downlights can highlight key areas in your kitchen and you can choose different colour temperature lamps inside these fittings to create your desired mood in the kitchen. You don’t have to limit the space in your kitchen to one light so if the space allows you to, don’t be afraid to add several light fittings in order to brighten up your kitchen and make it the hub of your home.
Living Space Lighting
Choosing lighting for living spaces, such as bedrooms and living rooms, can be more difficult due to the varied activities carried out in these areas. The lighting in these areas needs to be more flexible because there is usually more emphasis on the atmosphere or the mood rather than the task. There is also more emphasis on the aesthetic of the lighting in these areas as there is usually more of a focus on decoration.
In most cases, accent or general lighting is more suited to areas such as living rooms and bedrooms. Accent lighting is a popular choice in living spaces as this type of lighting helps to highlight points of interest. This could include decorative artwork, display areas or any architectural details. Accent lighting can be best accomplished with the use of spotlights, downlights or recessed fittings to highlight particular pieces. General lighting is also a popular choice for living spaces as it is a great fill in between task and accent lighting. Task lighting is often too concentrated and overpowering for living spaces as not many tasks are carried out compared to a kitchen or bathroom. A more subtle light helps to create a warmer, relaxing atmosphere that is more suited to a bedroom or living room which can be created through general lighting as it gives a general illumination of a space.
Small Spaces and Corridors
It is very important to consider the shape of your space as well as the size when choosing lighting, as this will greatly affect the type of lighting you require. Smaller, more compact spaces benefit from being well lit, especially corridors because you need to be able to see where you are going. If these smaller spaces have low ceilings then they will benefit from flush light fittings in order to give the maximum head clearance as well as giving the impression that the ceilings aren’t as low. General or task lighting is usually appropriate for these areas to give a general illumination of the space or a more concentrated light if preferred.
LED stands for Light Emitting Diode and is a semiconductor that when positively biased emits visible light. LED lighting is quickly becoming the future of home lighting. Even though it is a relatively old technology that used to be costly, the technology of LED lighting has developed rapidly over recent years with the prices getting lower over this time. Early LEDs had quite a low output but improvements in the technology over time has allowed for a much better performance.